[아리랑TV] 댄 스미스 스톡홀름국제평화연구소장 인터뷰

스톡홀름연구소 “핵무기 군축 시대 끝…北 핵탄두 20기… 댄 스미스 스톡홀름국제평화연구소장 인터뷰

Why nuclear arms are growing despite global dialogue, Korean peace and emerging security threats: Exclusive Interview with Dan Smith

  It’s time for Global Insight where we speak to experts from around the world on issues making headlines.

In various parts of the world, we’re seeing geopolitical and military conflict and uncertainty with worrying signs of escalation, particularly as new security threats emerge. Global cooperation is sorely needed at this time to build dialogue for peace and today we invite an expert who has been at the forefront of such efforts. Dan Smith is a British author, cartographer and peace researcher who has been the Director of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute since 2015.

Dan Smith has been a leading voice on global peace and security, not only when it comes to inter-state conflicts,… but also climate change, gender issues, and food security. As for the Korean Peninsula, his organisation has worked with the Swedish government to organise a working-level meeting between the two Koreas and the United States in January, 2019. Last year, he was awarded the Jeju April 3rd Peace Prize here in the country, for his efforts to restore dialogue on denuclearisation and peace on the Peninsula.

1. You’re here in Seoul to take part in the World Emerging Security Forum 2022 which kicks off Tuesday. Which new emerging threats will you be addressing at the forum, and what kind of conversations or outcomes do you hope will blossom throughout the two-day event?

2. How has the concept of security evolved over the past few years, and how can South Korea contribute in order to address these emerging challenges for the world?

3. A recent report from your institute shows that despite the various milestones made last year in nuclear arms control, countries continue to increase their nuclear arsenals. Will we see nuclear deterrence work or does the increasing stockpile mean that global treaties and institutions have been ineffective?

4. How do you see the risk of a nuclear war, and what steps are needed at this point to prevent one?

5. The NATO summit is taking place towards the end of the month. It seems Washington’s Atlantic allies will work closer with Indo-Pacific partners and allies. Do you think the organisation’s new Strategic Concept will reflect this trend?

6. South Korea’s state intelligence agency joined a cyber defense group under the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) as its first Asian member. How do you expect cyber cooperation to take shape and what role can South Korea play?

7. North Korea is soon expected to hold a seventh nuclear test after breaking its self-imposed moratorium on long-range weapons testing. What is your assessment of the North’s growing nuclear weapons capability? What do you think they are aiming for with their provocations and how far will they go?

8. Learning from previous failures, how should denuclearisation and peace on the Korean Peninsula be pursued by South Korea and the U.S.?

9. You’ll be speaking in a special session on the Environment of Peace at the WESF 2022. How does a green transition help foster peace? Could we have a brief preview of what you’ll be sharing?

Dan Smith, Director of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, thank you for your time.